James Francis Cameron(born August 16, 1954) is aCanadianfilm director,film producer,deep-sea explorer,screenwriter,visual artistandeditor. His writing and directing work includesThe Terminator(1984),Aliens(1986),The Abyss(1989),Terminator 2: Judgment Day(1991),True Lies(1994),Titanic(1997),Dark Angel(2000–02), andAvatar(2009). In the time between makingTitanicandAvatar, Cameron spent several years creating many documentary films (specifically underwater documentaries) and co-developed the digital 3DFusion Camera System. Described by a biographer as part-scientist and part-artist,Cameron has also contributed tounderwater filmingandremote vehicletechnologies.On March 26, 2012, Cameron reached the bottom of theMariana Trench, the deepest part of the ocean, in theDeepsea Challengersubmersible.He was the first person to do this in a solo descent, and only the third person to do so ever.
He has been nominated for sixAcademy Awardsoverall and won three forTitanic. In total, Cameron's directorial efforts have grossed approximately US$2 billion in North America and US $6 billion worldwide.Not adjusted for inflation, Cameron'sTitanicandAvatarare thetwo highest-grossing films of all timeat $2.18 billion and $2.78 billion respectively.In March 2011 he was named Hollywood's top earner byVanity Fair, with estimated 2010 earnings of $257 million.